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Today Marks The 25th Anniversary Of The World’s First Website

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Today Marks The 25th Anniversary Of The World's First Website 1
Today Marks The 25th Anniversary Of The World's First Website 2

On this day 25 years ago, August 6, 1991, the world’s first website went live to the public from a lab in the Swiss Alps. 

So Happy 25th Birthday, WWW! It’s the Silver Jubilee of the world’s first website. 

The website was created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the father of the World Wide Web (WWW), and was dedicated to information on the World Wide Web project. 

The world’s first website,  ran on a NeXT computer at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), can still be visited today, more than two decades after its creation. 

The first website address ishttp://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html

“The WorldWideWeb (W3) is a wide-area hypermedia information retrieval initiative aiming to give universal access to a large universe of documents,” the world’s first public website reads, going on to explain how others can also create their own web pages. 
“The project started with the philosophy that much academic information should be freely available to anyone.”

Berners-Lee wrote about the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) that outlined how information or data would travel between computer systems, as well as, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) that was used to create the first web page. 

Berners-Lee vision was to create a place where people could share information across the world through a “universal linked information system” – in which a network of documents (web pages) linked to one another could help users navigate to find what exactly they need. 

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And so is the concept of the World Wide Web. 

Berners-Lee initially proposed the idea for a worldwide network of computers sharing information in 1989, while he was working as a computer programmer at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. 

Steve Jobs Helped Tim to Create The Web

Today Marks The 25th Anniversary Of The World's First Website 4

The World Wide Web was written on a NeXT computer, made by the company Steve Jobs founded after he was kicked out of Apple back in 1985. 

“We bought a cool machine, the NeXT computer,” Berners-Lee said two years ago during an interview at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. “NeXT was a machine made by Steve Jobs when he was kicked out of Apple [in 1985]… it had a wonderful spirit to it, a really good developer’s environment.” 

“When you opened it, you got a pre-recorded message from Steve that said, ‘Welcome to the NeXT. This is not about personal computing. It’s about ‘inter-personal’ computing.’ It was perfect for designing the web.”

The website went live to the public on August 6, 1991; that’s exactly 25 years back. At the time, Berners-Lee taped a note to the front of his NeXT computer, saying: 

“ This machine is a Server. DO NOT POWER DOWN.” 

Need to Reinvent the Internet

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When Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web, his idea was simply to create a tool for scientists to find and share information with ease. 

The Web has since become the world’s most powerful medium for knowledge, communications, and trade — but that doesn’t mean he is happy with all of the consequences. 

Last month, Berners-Lee turned 61 and regretted a lot of things about his invention. He has primarily concerned that the Internet has now transformed into the “ world’s largest surveillance network.“ 

Today, the Web “controls what people see, creates mechanisms for how people interact,” New York Times quoted Berners-Lee as saying. “It is been great, but spying, blocking sites, repurposing people’s content, taking you to the wrong websites that completely undermines the spirit of helping people create.”

This is why the creator of the Internet is figuring out what the next step should be for the World Wide Web. 

The Web model relies on central servers and IP addresses, which can easily be tracked or blocked. Therefore, Berners-Lee is looking to decentralize the whole Web, the report said. 

“The web is already decentralized,” he said. “The problem is the dominance of one search engine, one big social network, one Twitter for microblogging. We do not have a technology problem; we have a social problem.”

The idea is simple: 

To eliminate middleman completely from all aspects of the Web. Still, all the major players do not agree to this decentralize approach. It’s still a question that whether the Internet needs decentralizing.

Michael Ajah is a Computer Science Student of The University of Port Harcourt and a Chelsea Fan. He loves RnB and a little mix of Trap Music. An awesome tech reviewer and analyst. Email - [email protected]

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How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the “Terms and Conditions” – The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full

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How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the "Terms and Conditions" - The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full 6

Yesterday, a global poorly kept secret was made evident for all to see with Paystack, a Nigerian fintech startup, top of the trend section on Twitter, after calls by some users to boycott the company.

Though the actual happenings weren’t really documented but reports reaching Naijatechguy states that it all went haywire when the popular payment platform revoked a payment link for a certain lady’s birthday party, and did I say hell was let loose? Yes, it did.

Apparently, in a nutshell I’m just here to let you know Paystack is now in the business of turning down certain individuals from using its payment service, maybe, because it has got a lot of request on its table.

Now, you’d be forgiven if you haven’t already gotten a sneek peek into the gist right now, perhaps you were hiding under a rock to avoid getting infected with the death sentence that is the Coronavirus pandemic.

We’re only joking here, you get right? Did you take that serious!!! Damn

Here’s how the whole plot between Paystack and the lady who had her payment link revoked played out on Twitter.

Paystack can’t be this Bahd. Are they?

On August 17, @obidi__ , a Twitter user, announced that she was organising a private birthday party in Abuja, Nigeria, on August 22: which translates to this Saturday. She also mentioned it was going to be a paid one.

However, to her utter surprise she woke up the next day to see Paystack, after tweeting she intended using the payment platform as her go-to for the party has for some reason blocked her birthday party because she was quoted as ‘selling body parts’.

Here’s the graphic for the birthday party in question:

How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the "Terms and Conditions" - The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full 7

What ensured was a normal for the Nigerian Twitter section as she called out fanboys who ramped up the revoke against the tech company for their ‘partial’ deeds.

A closer look however, has revealed that Paystack had disabled her account, but for another reason altogether. She didn’t adhere to a different part of the company’s Acceptable Use Policy.

According to the company’s email to her, Jacob Christian, a User Ops at Paystack, opined that while reviewing @obidi__’s business on the platform, they realised that it involved sexual activities; in this case, an orgy.

How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the "Terms and Conditions" - The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full 8

How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the "Terms and Conditions" - The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full 9

“We would like to draw your attention to Section 2 of Paystack’s Acceptable Use Policy ( https://paystack.com/terms ), which states that Paystack may not be used in connection with any product, service, transaction or activity that relates to the sale and/or purchase of certain sexually oriented materials or services,” an excerpt from the email read.

If at this stage you’re still wondering what in the world an orgy is, a quick Wikipedia definition reiterates: “An orgy as a sex party consisting of at least five members where guests freely engage in open and unrestrained sexual activity or group sex.” In other words, an orgy is part of Paystack’s “certain sexually-oriented services”.

Now, we could all turn back to point accusing fingers at this lady but her crime is simply one each and every internet user have fallen for at least once in a lifetime.

WHEN LAST DID YOU READ A TERM’S AND CONDITIONS PAGE WHEN ACCESSING A SERVICE OR USING A PRODUCT?

How do you convince Nigerians to Read? Put it in the "Terms and Conditions" - The Paystack misogyny Saga Explained in Full 10

It is very important to read a company’s terms and conditions and it is even scary and unhealthy to use any product you don’t find its scriptly documented acceptable use policy in it’s ranks.

In essence, she was trying to use Paystack in connection with one of the many business categories the company said it wasn’t going to permit in its Terms and Conditions. And as stated in its “ Actions by Paystack” segment, the company suspended her use of Paystack’s Services.

While it is a known fact that most terms and conditions are incredibly long and hard to read, situations like this Paystack-orgy saga subtly reminds us of their importance.

Mark Amaza, a Twitter user was also in support of the action taken by Paystack, writing that: “Paystack’s refusal to allow payment for sex work/orgies using its platform is more than just about the law. It is also about brand & financial risks it is willing to bear”.

I mean some other companies have even way scarier For policies. Stripes is one which doesn’t even allow payments for flights.

There have been previous collective cases of people complaining about social networks using their data for advertising purposes as can be seen with the TikTok security flaw. But over time, this same users have come to realise that they opted in for such maybe on Twitter trends or after they are done using the product.

Imperatively, it is jail-worthy putting the lives of users and individuals at risk but equally, you accepting these terms and conditions whenever downloading an app, accessing a service, registering on a website, is legally binding. It is for this reason you need to spend some time reading them before going forward or checking out that popular hook-up page.

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Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist

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Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 11

Bill Gates, Elon Musk, and Jeff Bezos had their Twitter accounts hacked on Wednesday evening in an apparent cryptocurrency giveaway scam.

Other accounts including Mike Bloomberg, Joe Biden, Apple, Uber, Square’s CashApp, and Coinbase were also hacked.

Remember when your mom warned you staying up for long on your smartphones will ‘kill you someday’

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 12

This tame prophecy seems to be coming though all of a sudden as Twitter followers of Bill Gates and Elon Musk speculated that their accounts been hacked on Wednesday, as a series of tweets dangled a bitcoin giveaway that looked too good to be true.

I mean who could believe we could have a day when the entire bigwigs in the tech ecosystem will come together to “give back to the community”? It’s happening!

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 13

We don’t know how it’s happened with reports also speculating Twitter’s own systems may have been compromised. The hack however, is ongoing, with new tweets posting to verified accounts on a regular basis starting shortly after 4PM ET.

How it all began…

It all started off when Elon Musk’s Twitter account was seemingly compromised by a hacker intent on using it to run a bitcoin scam. Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates also had his account seemingly accessed by the same scammer, who posted a similar message with an identical bitcoin wallet address.

It was preceded by another quickly deleted tweet from Musk which said he was “feeling generous because of Covid-19.”

Both accounts are continuing to post new tweets promoting the scam almost as fast as they are deleted.

Though a spokesperson for Gates Teddy Schleifer, was seconds late in reporting the Heist from another account – “We can confirm that this tweet was not sent by Bill Gates. This appears to be part of a larger issue that Twitter is facing. Twitter is aware and working to restore the account.”

No doubting the major damage has already been with reports up to $10M worth of Bitcoin has been transferred already.
Shortly after the initial wave of tweets from Gates and Musk’s accounts, the accounts of Apple, Uber, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden, hip-hop mogul Kanye West, and former New York City mayor and billionaire Mike Bloomberg, among others, were also compromised and began promoting the scam.

Though it’s still unclear how widespread the operation is, but it appears to be affecting major companies and extremely high-profile individuals.

Suggestions are flying all over the internet views someone might have either found a severe security loophole in Twitter’s login process or third-party app, or that the perpetrator has somehow gained access to a Twitter employee’s admin privileges.

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 14

The origin of the scam appears to be when Musk’s account issued a mysterious tweet at 4:17PM ET reading, “I‘m feeling generous because of Covid-19. I’ll double any BTC payment sent to my BTC address for the next hour. Good luck, and stay safe out there!” The tweet also contained a bitcoin address, presumably one associated with the hacker’s crypto wallet.
The tweet posted to Gates’ account echoed the last Musk tweet, with an identical BTC address attached. It was also deleted shortly after posting, only for a similar message to take its place.

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 15

Moving on, Square’s Cash App appears to be one of the other company accounts compromise. However, it’s not clear if the culprit is the same or a different group as the tweet contained a different BTC address than the ones posted to the other accounts.

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 16
In addition to the Cash App, popular crypto Twitter accounts, including those of Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss’ Gemini cryptocurrency exchange and widely used wallet app Coinbase, were also compromised. Cameron Winklevoss claims the Gemini account was protected by two-factor authentication and used a strong password, and the company is now investigating how it was hit.

American presidential candidate and Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos were also hacked

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 17

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 18

Apple’s official Twitter account alongside Uber’s also sent in same tweets:

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 19

Hackers take over Twitter Accounts of Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Kanye West, Apple and others in major Sitewide Crypto Heist 20

What has Twitter said so far?

While majority of the accounts taken over has moved swiftly to inform the public about the ongoing heist though their support channels, Twitter however, is yet to make any official statement on what’s going on and how it came to be.

A Twitter spokesperson said “we’re looking into this.” The company will share a statement soon. We’ll update the story as we learn more.

More than $100,000 had been funneled to the bitcoin address included in the tweets.

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey last year had his account taken over by a group of hackers calling themselves #ChucklingHella. The account immediately went on to tweet out the N-word in all caps before adding: “intel is there’s a bomb at Twitter HQ.” Twitter stock was down more than 3% in after-hours trading.

All this however, have once again brought the issue of cybercrime and its consequences to the limelight. Though the deed has already been done, humanity can’t keep any bargains no more about user security especially with new smart tech and homes evolving each day.

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