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From 3G to 4G LTE – What Lies Ahead For Nigeria?

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From 3G to 4G LTE -  What Lies Ahead For Nigeria? 1
Recently MTN, GLO and Etisalat Upgraded their Network Services to 4G LTE . You’ve heard,  probably seen it plastered across
billboards, and  read about it on your cellphone . But the question remains,   what is 4G LTE, and how do its speeds and coverage compare to other 3G and 4G networks?

A History of 3G and 4G

In order to understand what LTE is–beyond “a really fast network”–
we have to take a  little step back in time.
When the 3G, or 3rd generation, standard was the best thing in
the early 2000s–it made accessing the internet on your phone
significantly faster and more convenient.
3G is required to meet IMT-2000 (International Mobile
Telecommunications-2000) technical standards, which means
a peak download rate of 200 Kbps, or 0.2 Mbps. This will obviously
seem slow to you now, but at the time, it was enough to get your email in a timely fashion.

So logically, the next step after 3G–the third generation of
wireless mobile communications technology–would be 4G, or
the fourth generation. The the ITU Radiocommunications
Sector (ITU-R) set some requirements as to what would
constitute a 4G network: it must provide peak 100 Mbps
downloads if you’re using a mobile device such as a phone or
tablet.  Stationary devices, such as mobile hotspots,
should be able to provide peaks speeds of 1 Gbps.

In  recent years, 3G has really made some admirable advancements. High Speed Packet Access (HSPA), for example, can give
theoretical speeds up to 7.2 Mbps, and is often called 3.5G
or Turbo 3G.

Then came 4G, in the form of Evolved High Speed Packet
Access (HSPA+), and Long-Term Evolution (LTE). Only HSPDA+ was marketed as 3.75G while LTE
was marketed this as “4G”, even though both didn’t meet the
ITU’s standards–neither reached that 100 Mbps download rate.

LTE, however, wasn’t just another improvement of 3G. It
was meant to be more of an umbrella term given to the
technologies designed to get us to the 4G standard. In other
words, it’s what 4G will be be when the technology evolves
enough to provide those speeds. It’s 4G-Eventually.

Despite the high standards they set earlier , the ITU-R decided that mobile
carriers could market LTE (and HSPA) as 4G , since they represented a significant improvement over 3G and paved the way for true 4G speeds.

How LTE Stacks Up in Speed and Coverage

Okay, I’m done with the history lesson. Let’s tackle the
question that truly matters: What kind of speeds does LTE
actually offer right now? Frankly, it depends on where you are
and who you are using for your wireless service.

According to a speed test by a  YouTube Vlogger , the average MTN LTE
download speed in the is 5.5 Mbps while the global average is 13.5 Mbps. That’s far off the ideal 100 Mbps 4G
standard, but a marked improvement over old 3G speeds.
Remember, that’s an average. Your speed may be faster, or it
could be slower.

But it’s not just about speed: coverage matters too. After all,
if you never see that “LTE” icon in the menu bar of your
phone, you won’t ever get those highly-advertised speeds.
Coverage depends on your carrier. Each of the  Nigerian
carriers–MTN , GLO and ETISALAT ,–utilize
different frequency bands, which is how they separate their
signals from one another.

A frequency band is a group of
radio frequencies mobile carriers thus use to communicate
with clients.
Network coverage at lower frequencies, particularly the
700Mhz range, will provide LTE access in more locations
such as buildings and sheltered areas. In fact, in terms of
coverage–measured by how much time subscribers are able
to get an LTE signal, the top 3 carriers haven’t  reached
parity.

The Future: LTE Advanced and 5G

That’s the present. So what does the the future hold ?
Mobile broadband speeds will no doubt continue to advance and gain
speed. LTE Advanced is the new standard some companies are hyping, which promises to finally deliver “True 4G” speeds.

So basically, LTE Advanced is what 4G was supposed to be all along.
5G , meanwhile, will be the next logical step up from 4G. As
you might guess, 5G stands for fifth generation, and is
supposed to promise speeds up to 10 gigabits per seconds–
enough to download a full HD movie in mere seconds.

Unlike LTE, which occupies lower frequency bands, 5G
can occupy both lower frequency bands and ultra-high bands.
Using these higher bands means 5G won’t travel as far as 4G
LTE and will need to be throttled to make it practical to a
wide audience.

None of this matters much at this point however, as the technical standards are still being worked out and won’t be finalized until 2020.
For right now, 4G LTE is good enough for the vast majority of
mobile users, and will be for some time. Logically, if or when
True 4G or LTE Advanced becomes the norm, it will suffice for
a time while mobile providers roll out 5G and so on.

Considering how long it took the top network providers to upgrade to 4G LTE.  I don’t know when Nigeria will get to 4G LTE Advanced or 5G.  However most people still fear that once there’s a drastic increase in people using 4G enabled smartphones,  the speed would reduce.  Let’s keep our fingers crossed and leave the top OEMs to decide.

Michael Ajah is a Computer Science Student of The University of Port Harcourt and a Chelsea Fan. He loves RnB and a little mix of Trap Music. An awesome tech reviewer and analyst. Email - [email protected]

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These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About

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These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 2
These photos were sent in by a friend of mine Xperienx Visuals and these pictures mean a lot . It’s not the regular tech stuff I normally post but I thought you would love it.

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 3

1. DRUGS BETRAYAL
I was in pain and in search for Joy I found more pain, and this time it was unbearable cause I was left all alone and broken.. Had no alternatives so I turned to some ‘Pills and Portions’ which had promised to be a friend. In my lonely world, I embraced my only source of friendship so tight that I didn’t notice I was about to get betrayed.. Lost in the addictive relationship of drugs, I wondered how come I still felt so empty when I had found a friend already..

        Days of trauma and addiction ran into weeks which skipped into years, and now here I am in Chains cause I never knew I had found a friend in bondage, I never knew the So-called Pills and Portions came along with Tricks and plots to make me more miserable than I ever was…. Now, I realized that my search for Joy had led me into My END.. Oh! I made my search wrongly, spent years searching with my eyes cast with a selfish and deceitful desire that I couldn’t recognize the enemy in disguise: DRUGS..

       THE QUEST FOR PLEASURE HAS LED MANY DESTINIES TO THE QUIET GRAVE.. PLEASE, SHUN DRUG ABUSE, #SHUN #ONETAP. DON’T LET WRONG INFLUENCE TAMPER WITH YOUR CHOICE AND DESIRE.. TAKE A BOLD STAND TODAY AND JOIN ME #SAYNOTODRUGS..   Please, Share This message and Save Someone, God bless you.. 

2. The fight against drug abuse would never end until you realize the world awaits you to speak..  In a time like this when we’ve got no voice to listen to cause they all got cracked with smokes, why not be the voice that would make the change… I know maybe you’re not reading this clearly cause you’ve not really recovered from the #ONETAP you took few hours ago, but listen YOU STILL HAVE A CHANCE TO CAUSE CHANGE, let’s save a drowning generation, let’s save a friend today.. The NO TO DRUG ABUSE BEGINS WITH YOU.. LET’S teach our youths to cultivate weed instead of digesting them in ignorance..

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 4

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 5

Xperienx Visualz <[email protected]>

Tue, Aug 28, 3:38 PM

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 6
to NaijaTechGuy
3.  You may have taught about giving it a try, you think it feels so cool, just #ONETAP. You wish to get used to the feeling so you’ll join the #sciencestudent meanwhile you could be a #changeagent. Listen, it never feels good to be in bondage. Great destinies and dreams have been cut shut all because of a trial. In search of the groove you may end up losing yourself to the cold chains of addiction. 
       Hey, you should spell a big NO to that deceitful disaster, say a big #no to the wrong message from the Society and friends, say NO to 1st trial, cause it brings more harm. Say NO to drugs today, and live up your dreams #Tomorrow. Live right, cause your life is an epistle to many. Take a #stand today and shun
4.       In the most corrupt of systems at least one saint can always be found, but in a little time he may drown or get lost in the system if overlooked.. Even a blind man today can tell that Drug abuse has taken a large portion of the Society and trend. But, CAN THIS EVER BE CHANGED?..  This Image shows the possibility of STANDING OUT even when it seems impossible.. From the past decades we had men like Lanre Oluseye, Timi Dakolo, Samuel Dixon who went through the ghetto rivers but never got carried away with the waves of influence and trends.. 
           
        Can such men be raised again from this decade, When our youths get few or no mentors to look up to, When even law  students are proudly branded as #SCIENCESTUDENTS just to fit in, When pharmacists are paid to falsely prescribe Codeine and narcotics, When religious and political leaders no longer preach truth, protecting their ego and selfish interests.. THE CALL TO SHUN #ONETAP WOULD BE MERE NOISE IF WE HAVE NO NO IDOLS THESE YOUTHS CAN LOOK UP TO.. Let’s shift our focus more to the FEW DROPS yet to be moved by the wave…
           
         Every river was started by a drop that made waves and then ripples.. Join us share this message, you could be a mentor to a few.. Please SHUN #ONETAP AND BE THE CHANGE YOU DESIRE.. 

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 9

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 10

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 11
6.       Have you been to prison yards before and find out how those inmates live life getting used to bondage and fear. being bound is way more than the Chains you see.. 
    
       17 years old David has a story that makes my eyes bleed with tears. I saw him silently crying at a corner where he hid himself, felt so burdened I made an approach. As I went closer I perceived a hard smell of Indian hemp that made me choke, I was so amazed how he managed to smoke for rolls which were lined on the floor and an extra in his hand which went off as tears and sweat soaked his hands .. I managed to take him out and spend some time with him.. I got really sober when he said in tears that for some months now he could hardly breath and he had withdrawn from school as a result.
        Young David had promised himself never to do drugs again since he silently knows the main cause of his health and academic tragedy but always falls back into burning rolls and this time in doubled dose.. He said his fear had always been accepting drugs as his addiction and weakness but Sadly it occurs to him that he is severely addicted and has slaved himself to the tyranny of this deceitful desire..  
  Tears soaked my eyes as he struggled with cough and said he had lost all hope.. But There’s always a key to every lock, and my proffered solution to every young one out there is to FEAR #ONETAP, SHUN IT AND FLEE FROM IT, cause it fit no get ending.. I ensured David that I’ll hide his identity cause he was scared his mum could see this post.. If only we knew what our young ones go through.. .. PLEASE JOIN US SHARE THIS MESSAGE, IT COULD BE NEEDFUL TO SOMEONE CLOSE.. MAYBE YOUR CHILD, MAYBE YOUR HEIR…  #SAYNOTODRUGS..
       Young Joe, grew up as the only kid from a poor family in the diobu ghetto.. As little as he was he had seen so much than I have even heard.. 😢😢.. His parents were never home, so he was left in the care of his cousin who was a core drug maniac and a severe addict for years.. Lil, Joe started doing drugs at a tender age not cause he was destined to but as a result of the INFLUENCE, BULLY and PRESSURE he faced from his pervert cousin at the absence of his parents.. 
        And now days had run into weeks, into months, into years and now the little innocent and smart Joe that was loved had now become the deadly and notorious Joe that is WANTED by the So-called Police who themselves act Nonchalant and Chaotic as a result of this DRUG ABUSE that is eating up our society, our youths and even our fathers… 
         Listen, This case is not peculiar to little Joe alone, but your child and maybe your only child may be going through this and could end up in the COLD chains of ADDICTION at your IGNORANCE.
  THERE IS A CLARION CALL FOR US TO FIGHT THIS ENEMY IN DISGUISE.. TAKE A #STAND TODAY AND SAY A FIRM ‘NO’ TO DRUG ABUSE.. SHARE THIS MESSAGE TODAY AND SAVE A CHILD
8.     All we say is “SHUN DRUG ABUSE, DON’T GIVE IT A TRY. DON’T GIVE IT A CHANCE”.. Be a mentor to younger ones, don’t expose them to this life threatening practice..  And Please keep drugs away from the reach of children..  Please, take a #stand today and say a Bold No to DRUG.. SHARE THIS MESSAGE AND REACH OUT TO SOMEONE IN NEED.. 
9.    It’s no longer a cliché that we are fully shaped by our environment.. Children mostly retains every information seen than told..  It’s sad that we live in a society were the only thing flashed to us is several ways of practicing Drug abuse and other vices.. But, shall we sit and watch this one’s get lost to the ill influence of our society?.. 
       Why not be an example young ones can learn from?.. Why not be a source of positive inspiration to the youths?.. It’s time we take a #stand and #Show them the way..  #SHUN #DRUGS #ABUSE TODAY, AND SPREAD THIS MESSAGE TO A YOUTH AND TO YOURSELVES, CAUSE #CHANGE STARTS WITH #ME..  
#ONETAP #PEOPLE #GENUIS..   📷📷 #PHOTOGOD  MODEL: Benjamin Jacob #IMAGINE_INVENT_DELIVER     

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 12

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 13

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 14

These 10 Stunning Photo Concepts Will Give You A Lot To Think About 15

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Another Video Beats GanGam Style To Become The Most Watched YouTube Video In The World

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Another Video Beats GanGam Style To Become The Most Watched YouTube Video In The World 16

Gangnam Style has dominated the YouTube video leaderboards for the last five years as the most viewed video but now it’s finally out. The most viewed video is now Wiz Khalifa’s See You Again, featuring Charlie Puth written as a tribute to late Fast and Furious actor Paul Walker.

See you again is currently at 2,895,373,709 views, while Gangnam Style now has about 2.7 Billion Views.

However, it’s 2017 so the record might not last as long as five years. A few more recent music videos have already blown through the two billion view count, and Luis Fonsi’s Despacito already has more than 2,485,501,000 views in the few months since it was released.

So it’s certainly going to take over the charts in coming months if another video doesn’t blow up through the charts.

I must reiterate that getting 2 Billion views in 2012 was a greater achievement than getting it in 2017.

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